Measuring the cost of a product is complicated when the products are services that are aimed at people, given that multiple variables are considered. When talking about the cost of nursing services, one of the main problems we face is the omission of variables. Also, there is a lack of data comparison, in addition to the multiple definitions of cost. ...

When we speak of cost containment we are not referring to maintaining the level of costs within previously established limits that are compatible with the sustainability of the health system. Being aware of cost containment implies being aware of all aspects related to expenditure, the costs of each of the items: personnel, material, investments, processes, etc. ...

In the Spanish National Health System, it is through the General Health Law that equal access to health care is regulated as a way of correcting the failures of other types of health markets. Therefore, the need to speak of equity and equality focuses on the inequalities that occur when health is not contemplated as a pure public good. By referring to inequalities, we are referring to the difficulties in providing health services that may be faced by different population groups....